ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences              ISSN 1819-6608 (Online)
 

 
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ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences                         October 2019  |  Vol. 14  No. 19
   
Title: Optimization of annealing treatment in production of functional wheat flour
Author (s): Kone Kisselmina Youssouf, Karidioula Daouda, Adje Anoh Felix, Soro Doudjo, Assidjo Nogbou Emmanuel, Yao Kouassi Benjamin and Laguerre Jean-Claude
Abstract:

The functionalization of native wheat flours was carried out by using annealing (ANN) process. This ANN process was executed according a full factorial design and the independent variables selected were temperatures and the duration of treatment when initial moisture content of flours was fixed at 70 % (wet basis). Then ANN treatment was optimized by using response surface method (RSM) for three different responses: gelatinization temperature, swelling capacity and lightness color of flours. The effects of two factors were found to be more significant at different level for all responses. The optimal ANN process conditions for having functional flours with high gelatinization temperature, high swelling capacity and high lightness of color, were found at 70% (wb) for initial moisture content of native flour treated at 54°C during 25 hours 34 min. The predictable values of the response variables were 70.70 °C for gelatinization temperature, 18.7 N for hardness, 7.3 g/g for Water Bound Capacity and 62.5 for lightness of color.

   

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Title: Design and implementation of cell phone jammer
Author (s): Ahmed A. Thabit
Abstract:

The developments of wireless communication systems like mobile phones make it indispensable in our lives, this is due to the portability of mobile devices. Mobile phones features can produce inconvenience in the places where the silence and security are important. As well as, in certain locations the using of phones is refused due to the safety and security reasons and in exam places where the phone device is used in cheating. Jammers are devices which appeared now days in the markets. These jammers cutoff the link between the cell phone and base stations via transmit a signal in the same frequency but larger power with no interference within communications other than cellular in the specified zone. Cell-phone signals usually emanate from a base-station that is usually made up of a very tall building and a small-building housing the radio-equipment. In this paper, Cell phone jammer device was proposed, designed and finally implemented to create a temporary "dead zone" to cell phones in Iraq to block the cell phone neither receiving nor transmitting the signals to the base station. LCD is used with Arduino to show a message if the signal is jammed or not yet. Cell phone jammers are firstly designed for the military forces to disconnect the communication by criminals and terrorists but recently it used civilian in the colleges and hospitals and so on. The designed system obtained the good results what we need to jam signals for dual band GSM 900, 1800 and 3G within a very short time reach to 30 sec.

   

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Title: Estimation of runoff for Bina river basin using curve number model and GIS techniques
Author (s): Ankit Balvanshi and H. L. Tiwari
Abstract:

Rainfall-Runoff computation of any basin plays a vital role in development of the water resources project of any country. Looking on the industrial importance of Bina river basin situated in Central India, this basin was selected for rainfall-runoff modeling by implementing the SCS CN conceptual model with the variation in initial abstraction ratio value, along with the GIS tool. Runoff assessment is carried out using daily rainfall data, gauge-discharge data, meteorological data of Bina river basin, India. A new trial was made to estimate the runoff more precisely by varying the Initial Abstraction Ratio for the Bina river basin. The Bina catchment area of 1120 km2 has all over hydrologic soil type C & D, which indicates high runoff potential on ground. Results specify a initial abstraction ratio (λ) value of 0.20 gives a better fit to the data and proved to be more precise for use in runoff calculations in comparison to λ = 0.1, 0.15 and 0.25. The model was evaluated on the Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency criteria and the coefficient of determination (R2) for the years 1997, 1998, 2003 and 2007. The model showed Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency in the range of 0.70 to 0.90 and R2 values in the range of 0.71 to 0.94. The Composite Curve Number came out to be 77 for the basin. It was concluded that initial abstraction ratio λ = 0.1, 1.15 results in slight over prediction for this catchment while λ = 0.25 slightly under predicts the runoff. This research study indicates that the SCS CN model when employed with GIS tool becomes more useful for the hydrological study of any basin having hydrologic soil group C & D, with customary value of λ = 0.2.

   

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Title: Performance of Basic Geometric Codes over fading channels
Author (s): Osama Nashwan, Samer Issa and Khalil Saleh
Abstract:

Forward error correcting codes while having good efficiency on normal channels, their performance is very poor over noisy (fading) channels. A new group of codes, called Geometric Codes that has a greater efficiency over fading channels has been designed. This paper presents the simulated results for Basic Geometric Code and studies the effects of its various parameters such as the number of bits per symbol, the number of parity lines and the code rate.

   

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Title: Modeling of distillation column and intelligent control of reflux drum
Author (s): Lina Rose, Pamela D., P. Kingston Stanley and P. Vijay Daniel
Abstract:

A model based approach was chosen for such a complex MIMO system is due to the restrictions the system bear in terms of control variables. Though the process simply refers to separation of two or more liquid or vapor components, the process flow and the component fractions really has to be identified since that determines the quality of the distillate. A pure modeling concept for a sophisticated process like distillation column is demonstrated in this study. It’s a complex task to model the distillation column and control the parameters since the process is a multiple input multiple output (MIMO) system. Hence only based on many assumptions about many of the control variables the response can be found. The work has been extended to modeling and control of various parts of column such as reflux drum and feed tray. Fuzzy Control of Reflux Drum was carried out where, the analysis of approximate data has done as a case study due to lack of industrial information.

   

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Title: Homes appliances control using bluetooth
Author (s): Jamil Abedalrahim Jamil Alsayaydeh, Mohamed Nj, Syed Najib Syed Salim, Adam Wong Yoon Khang, Win Adiyansyah Indra, Vadym Shkarupylo and Christina Pellipus
Abstract:

New technology applications in managing human living styles, workplaces including residences have led to the discovery of different methods of interacting and controlling both users and the buildings. This piece of research work proposed a simpler system for users’ interaction with home appliances, using Bluetooth technology for operation support. As a study for this article, a combination of the Bluetooth and Arduino modules with smart phones is introduced to provide building users with easier access and control through a simple user interface. This designing way showed also great management flexibility compared to using switches. Controlling remotely home users and appliances is more convenient to its residents. Home appliances can be easily monitored using smart phones via Bluetooth connectivity because each one can communicate over nearer cellular networks using some built-in communication capabilities. This paper discussed about a combination of Android software and hardware, with Bluetooth module and smart phones. Then, it explained how these technologies set together have created a system that enables accessing a control unit to turn “ON/OFF” status of the home devices. The concluding sections are about the design and implementation of the proposed model applying these technologies.

   

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Title: Mathematical modeling of the polymerization of butadiene on neodymium-containing catalyst systems
Author (s): Igor Grigoryev, Svetlana Mustafina and Sofya Mustafina
Abstract:

A mathematical model of the synthesis of butadiene rubber in a continuous reactor under the action of a neodymium-containing catalytic systems has been described. The mechanism of the process has been identified. An infinite number of ordinary differential equations, describing infinite number of the reaction components, has been used. Using the method of statistical moments, the infinite system of ordinary differential equations has been reduced to a system with a finite number of equations. Thus, it becomes solvable. On the basis of the mathematical model, the values of the monomer concentrations versus the polymerization time have been constructed, and the values of number average and weight average molecular weights have been found.

   

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Title: Energy theft detection in multi tenant data centers and distribution line using smart grids
Author (s): M. Sivarathinabala and T. Niruban Projoth
Abstract:

In recent years, High performance data centers is one of the challenging research area in Cloud Computing. Multi Tenant Data centers are the infra structures that runs in large-scale Internet-based services. Energy consumption models are pivotal and efficient in designing and optimizing energy-efficient operations to curb excessive energy consumption in the data centers. Multi-tenant data centers (MTDCs) are the data centers which are popular with different operational structure. Despite the offered benefits, MTDCs are vulnerable to various cyber attacks. An important cyber attack is energy theft which can be launched by malicious tenants to reduce cost of the electricity consumption by attacking their own smart meters or neighboring meters to undercount its energy usage. Billions of money has been lost due to energy theft in data centers each year. Localization of energy theft detection is an effective way to limit the labor cost in detecting energy theft in data centers. It can be facilitated through deploying Digital Protective Relays (DPR) in the Power Distribution Unit of the data center; DPR is a microprocessor based device for fault detection. Along with DPR, an anamoly identification algorithm has been implemented called as Minimum Covariance Determinant .The smart meters along with Advance Metering Infrastructure is employed to measure the energy consumption of the tenants in data center, which is implemented in smart grid environment. Such that data from both smart meter and Digital Protective Relay is send to the utility center to determine the Energy Theft in Multi Tenant Data centers.

   

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Title: Artificial neural network modelling approach for assessment of stratified thermal energy storage tank
Author (s): Mohd. Amin Abd Majid, Afzal Ahmed Soomro and Ainul Akmar
Abstract:

Thermal energy storage (TES) tank plays an important role in the energy management of large buildings such as military bases and university campus. Hence, the TES performance is important to be monitored. Various methods to measure the performance of the TES covering both numerical and analytical have been published. In this paper artificial neural network (ANN) is used to measure the performance of the TES tank in terms of thermocline thickness and half-cycle figure of merit. The ANN with 14 temperature sensor data as input and the thermocline thickness and half cycle figure of merit as the outputs is proposed. The model is based on 14-90-2 configuration using back propagation Lavenberg-Marquadt. The data of one year has been used in modelling. Based on the trial and error the number of neurons were used and the optimum numbers of the neurons found were 90. The overall R^2 for the model was 0.99 and predictions compared with the actual data gave a 0.94R^2.

   

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Title: A simulation of random walk and cellular automata method to generate nautilus motif as a beauty batik pattern
Author (s): Risky Amalia Haris, Tito Waluyo Purboyo and Purba Daru Kusuma
Abstract:

Batik is a traditional pattern from Indonesia that usually implemented on a fabric. The traditional pattern has been developed by computational methods. There are many computational method that can be used to generate a beauty batik pattern. For example, L-System method, Random Walk method, and Cellular Automata Method. The existence of computational methods give us an edge to generate beauty batik pattern. In this paper, described how random walk and cellular automata work to generate Nautilus motif as a beauty batik pattern, and how to implemented it to web-based batik application, so that the motif can to be customized.

   

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Title: Production of spinel forsterite refractories using sheared serpentinized ultramafic rocks, Um Seleimat, Egypt
Author (s): W. Abdelwahab H. Mekky, A. Khalil and Z. Belal
Abstract:

The present work aims at assessment and utilization of some Egyptian sheared serpentinized ultramafic rocks, from Um Seleimat ophiolites at Central Eastern Desert (CED), for producing refractory forsterite and spinel forsterite composites. Generally, Egyptian serpentinized ultramafic rocks occur in two types, massive and sheared serpentinites. To perform the study aim, two batches were designed on base of stiochiometrical calculations of specific proportions of “used magnesia” and/or “calcined bauxite” in addition to the serpentinized ultramafic rocks and fired at 1500oC for two hours to form forsterite and spinel forsterite. Chemical and mineralogical studies were carried out for the starting materials, while mineralogical composition, scanning electron microscope, EDAX as well as physical parameters and thermo-mechanical properties, are done for the fired batches. In addition, the compressive strength as well as the refractoriness under load was done. The study results indicated that forsterite and spinel composites were produced from serpentinites by adding a calculated amounts of used magnesia and/or calcined bauxite mixed to the studied sheared serpentinized rocks. Based on the previously measured physical as well as thermo-mechanical properties of the synthetic composites, it is recommended to be applied as refractory materials in lining of permanent layer of iron and steel ladles and the brick network in the heat exchangers of glass furnaces.

   

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Title: Despeckling of synthetic aperture radar satellite imagery using various filtering techniques
Author (s): N. Anusha, K. Bhavana Sai and K. Srujana

Abstract:

Active microwave imaging systems such as Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is the Earth observation satellite which works day/night, irrespective of the unconditional weather condition. Satellite Synthetic SAR images are predominantly affected by multiplicative speckle noise. Noise is an unwanted signal, which suppresses the quality of the image and makes the processing of the image difficult and should be removed or reduced with the help of filtering techniques. Different filtering techniques like Min, Max, Mean, Median, Statistical and Adaptive filters are applied on the speckle affected SAR images captured by RADARSAT-1 and Sentinel-1A satellites. The results are compared qualitatively and from the obtained results, it is observed that the Median filter is able to suppress speckle noise by preserving the required details and is giving the promising results compared to the other filters.

   

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Title: Assessment of the highways fencing impact on the snow deposits formation at snowstorms
Author (s): Viktor Vasilevich Ushakov, Mikhail Gennadjevich Goryachev, Alexandr Petrovich Stepushin, Pavel Mikhailovich Salamahin and Daria Yuryevna Korneeva
Abstract:

The main consumer properties of the road are the ability to drive a vehicle at high speed, safety, and comfortable traffic movement. The general trends in the automotive industry are such that the performance of the passenger car fleet increases approximately every 7-8 years. At the same time, roads are modernized only every 20-30 years, while in Russia this period is even longer for most public roads. It is important to determine what needs to be done on the roads in order to increase the speed of modern passenger cars while maintaining safe driving conditions. From statistical data, it is known that approximately 22-25% of the total number of road accidents are associated with unintentional exits of cars from the roadway. The consequences of such accidents are particularly severe, accounting for 20% of deaths and a large number of injuries, while the material damage is characterized by a significant deterioration of vehicles and goods transported. One of the main ways to reduce the severity of these consequences and improve traffic safety is the installation of fencing devices, which could retain the car, which has lost the driver's control, on the carriageway, and not just to retain the vehicle, but also to exclude departure on an oncoming lane, reduce consequences from a road accident, and exclude fatal cases.

   

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Title: The development of a single camera stereo vision system for starfruit inspection system
Author (s): Tan Kok, Muhammad Izzat Zakwan, Musa Mohd. Mokji, A. Shamsul Rahimi A. Subki, Amar Faiz Zainal Abidin, Kamaru Adzha Kadiran, Mohd. Zaidi Mohd. Tumari, Syahrul Hisham Mohammad, Muhammad Salihin Saealal and Ili Najaa Aimi Mohd. Nordin
Abstract:

In this paper, we proposed the application of monocular stereo vision system which specific for starfruit quality inspection purpose. The system only uses one camera and a moving conveyor belt for producing a stereo pairs in generating the depth value of the starfruit. Since most of the fruit quality inspection only involve in one camera and a conveyor belt system for checking the quality, the proposed system can be easy to be apply in existing machine vision system. The single camera setup also made the camera calibration system become simple compare to binocular stereo vision system. With only taken two images on moving object, the depth value can be obtained successfully.

   

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Title: Substantiation of dredging technology of water-bearing deposits at subzero air temperatures
Author (s): Victor Evgenievich Kislyakov, Ravil Zinnurovich Nafikov, Aleksandr Konstantinovich Kirsanov, Pavel Viktorovich Katyshev, Natalya Aleksandrovna Shkaruba and Ekaterina Vasilevna Zaitseva
Abstract:

The article deals with the problem of reducing dredge performance when operating at subzero air temperatures. This problem is particularly relevant for deposits located in the Far North, where the dredging season is limited by climatic conditions. During the period of subzero air temperatures dredge performance decreases significantly due to the icing of dredge structure. In consequence, dredging operations are terminated until the occurrence of favorable conditions for work. The article presents the review of the existing methods aimed at extending the dredging season, providing their systematization, which is based on the methods of water lanes’ maintenance and formation in the open-pit dredging. The authors propose a method to isolate the open-pit mine with artificial materials, as well as consider the application of similar structures in the dredging industry. Existing structures are used to store mineral dumps, protect the environment from dust, as well as for other purposes. It was revealed that the most perspective material to isolate dredges was polycarbonate, possessing a number of advantages. An experiment was conducted to confirm the effectiveness of this method by creating a facility in the form of a hangar model. The hangar model was performed on a scale in compliance with geometric similarity. Thermal sensors and an infrared camera were used to record the results. This allowed obtaining the distribution of thermal fields in the constructed experimental hangar. The developed mathematical model allows determining the temperature inside the isolated space of the open-pit dredging depending on the water temperature of the open-pit and the ambient air temperature. It is revealed that the application of the proposed method will extend the dredging season, or even make it year-round. The authors have calculated hangar sizes while all sizes were accepted minimum for reducing the cost of construction and keeping the heat inside it. The application of the proposed method for straight and oblique dredging was considered. The hangar area was determined for the development of mines with dredges of different standard size. The optimal method of rock excavation was revealed. The authors offer the scope of application, as well as the technology aimed at extending dredging season.

   

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Title: Technical efficiency of application of growth regulator in the production and storage of apples
Author (s): A. I. Belyaev, Yu. N. Pleskachev, N. Yu. Petrov, V. P. Zvolinsky, S. D. Fomin, A. M. Pugacheva, Ye. V. Kalmykova and O. V. Kalmykova
Abstract:

The paper presents the results of study of effect of treatment of fruit trees with the growth-regulating product Mival-Agro which contributed to increase in productivity of all the studied cultivars, to higher accumulation of sugars and vitamins that provided reduction of losses when storing of apples caused by physiological and microbiological diseases of fruits, exerted positive effect in increasing mean weight of fruits of all cultivars under study, and resulted in considerable increase in yield of fruits with high marketable properties and decrease in microbial population of microorganisms on the surface of fruits during the storing period. The quantity of microorganisms on the surface of apples was assessed prior to and at the end of storing period. The data received can be used when development of new methods of storing apples.

   

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Title: The results of the development of typical pavements for Moscow streets and roads
Author (s): Viktor Vasilevich Ushakov, Mikhail Gennadjevich Goryachev, Sergey Vladimirovich Lugov, Ekaterina Valerievna Kalenova and Andrey Nikolaevich Kudryavtcev
Abstract:

The specialists of Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University (MADI) have updated the portfolio of typical pavements for Moscow. Due to the difficulty of forecasting the situation in the road freight transport sector, the dynamic development of land public transport and the high risks of wrong decisions of design organizations, it is necessary to use typical solutions for designing road surfaces. Moreover, there is a serious problem of making a correct assessment of the design decisions from the state expert body. The modern principles of design and estimation are used for designing typical pavements of Moscow. The best proven road materials extracted and produced in Moscow region are used in the layers of road surfaces. This article describes the fundamental decisions implemented when developing a new version of a portfolio of pavements and provides their examples.

   

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Title: Comparison between klinkenberg-corrected and water permeability: A review
Author (s): Izzat Ahmad Mohamed Zaidin, Maqsood Ahmad and Mostafa Ghasemi Baboli
Abstract:

Absolute liquid permeability value is required as an input for dynamic model initialization for reservoir simulation studies. Industry standard practice is to obtain either Klinkenberg-corrected permeability values or liquid permeability values. Klinkenberg-corrected permeability values are obtained from gas permeability measurement and corrected for Klinkenberg effect, on the other hand liquid permeability value is obtained from laboratory measurement of brine permeability. The theoretical assumption is that both of these permeability measurement should produce similar values but experimental measurements show that Klinkenberg-corrected permeability values are usually higher than water permeability values. The amount of time and cost spend on determining these two values for each core sample can be reduced if a correlation is developed describing the relationship between these two values of permeability for specific region. Water permeability values of specific region can be predicted using the established correlation thus saving time and cost to determine the value of permeability experimentally. There are handful of studies regarding the correlation between Klinkenberg-corrected and water permeability however most of the studies are region-specific and narrow. Further more the factors for the difference between Klinkenberg-corrected and water permeability values are still unclear and without evident proof. This article provides a review of this specialized area of study from the early to recent contributions on the relationship between Klinkenberg-corrected and water permeability values and its factors.

   

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Title: A perspective on text hiding methods
Author (s): Raka Adinugraha, Tito Waluyo Purboyo and Randy Erfa Saputra
Abstract:

Steganography is the art of hiding data within another data. Is a useful technique for hiding data such as image, audio, text etc behind cover files. There are exists various techniques for text Steganography, and all of them have their own respective strong and weak points. For each text Steganography used, they have different requirements and rules on how they applied. Many Text Steganography techniques are proposed, all of them have something in common that was to increase embedding rate of the secret data within the cover files and to rises suspicion as little as possible from an unintended observer. Steganography is a promising technique as a supplement to Cryptography, because the chiper text will certainly raise suspicion because it forms, and there is where Steganography comes in to hide those encrypted message to some cover files thus reducing risk the secret message get revealed. This paper provides a general overview and a brief idea of Text Steganography techniques.

   

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Title: Fuzzy diagonal optimal algorithm to solve Fully Fuzzy Transportation problems
Author (s): M. K. Purushothkumar, M. Ananathanarayanan and S. Dhanasekar
Abstract:

In this paper a diagonal optimal algorithm is proposed to solve Fully Fuzzy Transportation problems using the approach of Diagonal optimal method. In this proposed method the Fuzzy optimal solution of a Fuzzy Transportation problem is obtained by using optimal Diagonal method [17]. Yager’s ranking technique is used to order the Fuzzy numbers. This method can be applied to solve all kinds of Fuzzy transportation problem such as unbalanced Fuzzy TP, Fuzzy Degeneracy problem, Fuzzy TP with prohibited routes and many more.

   

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