support the highest standards of intellectual discourse in its publications. All members of the publication
process -- authors, editors and reviewers -- should be treated
with fairness and balance, and adhere to the principles in
Section of “PUBLICATION
The principles in this document represent a minimum set of
requirements. Individual publications may have additional
requirements. A publication with additional requirements shall
have a publicly available statement of publication policies and
Authorship credit should be based on a substantial
intellectual contribution. It is assumed that all authors have
had a significant role in the creation of a manuscript that
bears their names. Therefore, the list of authors on an article
serves multiple purposes; it indicates who is responsible for
the work and to whom questions regarding the work should be
addressed. Moreover, the credit implied by authorship is often
used as a measure of the contributors’ productivity when they
are evaluated for employment, promotions, grants, and prizes.
a) The ARPN Journals affirm that authorship credit must be
reserved for individuals who have met each of the following
Made a significant intellectual contribution to
the theoretical development, system or experimental design,
prototype development, and/or the analysis and interpretation of
data associated with the work contained in the manuscript.
Contributed to drafting the article or reviewing
and/or revising it for intellectual content.
Approved the final version of the manuscript,
including references. (Deceased persons deemed appropriate as
authors should be so included with a footnote reporting their
b) In papers with multiple authorship, the order
of the authors shall be at the discretion of the authors.
c) Once the list and order of authors has been
established, the list and order of authors should not be altered
without permission of all living authors.
d) Any part of an article essential to its main
conclusions must be the responsibility of at least one author.
e) In the case of papers with multiple authors, a
“corresponding” author must be designated as having
responsibility for overseeing the publication process and
ensuring the integrity of the final document. The corresponding
author accepts the responsibility for:
Including as co-authors all persons appropriate
and none inappropriate;
Obtaining from all co-authors their assent to be
designated as such, as well as their approval of the final
version of the manuscript; and
Keeping all co-authors apprised of the current
status of a manuscript submitted for publication, including
furnishing all co-authors with copies of the reviewers’ comments
and a copy of the published version, as appropriate.
f) Co-authors have responsibility for work
submitted under their names. They should remain knowledgeable in
so far as possible regarding the status of the manuscript,
including the nature of any revisions.
g) If a manuscript is revised and resubmitted to the
same journal, co-authors should be asked by the corresponding
author to reaffirm their assent to be listed as co-authors and
to approve the revised version. In addition, if the manuscript
is rejected or withdrawn from a journal and then submitted to a
different Journal, the co-authors should be asked again by
the corresponding author to affirm their assent to authorship
even if no substantive changes have been made.
h) Co-authors have the right to withdraw their names
from a manuscript at any time before acceptance of the
manuscript by the editor. However, an author’s or co-author’s
name should not be removed from a manuscript without his or her
permission. The responsible editor shall be notified of any
change in authorship.
B. Responsibilities of Manuscript Authors
a) Peer review is essential to scientific and
technical discourse. Authors are encouraged to have the first
formal publication of their results be a peer-reviewed paper.
b) Financial support of the work being reported
and of the authors should be clearly acknowledged, as should any
potential conflict of interest.
c) Methods and materials should be described in sufficient
detail to permit evaluation and replication.
d) All data should be presented upon request by the editor,
to facilitate the review process.
e) Authors have an obligation to correct errors
f) ARPN journals define plagiarism as the use of someone else’s
prior ideas, processes, results, or words without explicitly
acknowledging the original author and source. Plagiarism in any
form is unacceptable and is considered a serious breach of
professional conduct, with potentially severe ethical and legal
g) Fabrication and falsification are unacceptable.
h) Authors should only submit original
work that has neither appeared elsewhere for publication, nor
which is under review for another refereed publication. If
authors have used their own previously published work(s) as a
basis for a new submission, they are required to cite the
previous work(s) and very briefly indicate how the new
submission offers substantively novel contributions beyond those
of the previously published work(s).
Note: Authors should not
discuss any aspect of a manuscript under
reviewers of the submitted manuscript.
i) Only those articles of a researcher’s publication
record that are directly relevant to the subject matter of the
paper under consideration should be included in the bibliography.
Furthermore, an article should be appropriately labeled as
"submitted" when still in the review process or "in press" when it
has been accepted for publication but has not yet appeared in
j) The ARPN assumes that the material submitted to its
journals for publications
is properly available for general dissemination to the readership
of those journals. It is the responsibility of the authors,
not the ARPN, to determine whether disclosure of their material
requires the prior consent of other parties and, if so, to obtain
it. If authors make use of charts, photographs, or other graphical
or textual material from previously published material, the
authors are responsible for obtaining written permission to use
the material in the manuscript.
C. Referees of Manuscripts
a) Referees should be chosen for their high
qualifications and objectivity regarding a particular manuscript.
b) Reviews should be prompt and
c) Anonymity of referees should be
preserved to the extent possible, unless the referee and editor
agree to disclosure.
d) Information contained in a
manuscript under review is confidential and must not be shared
with others, nor should referees use non-public information
contained in a manuscript to advance their own research or
D. Editors of ARPN Journals
a) The sole responsibility for
acceptance or rejection of a manuscript rests with the editor.
b) Editors should generally grant the request of an
author who asks that particular individual(s) be excluded from the review
of a particular manuscript.
c) Editors should establish a review
process that minimizes bias.
d) Editors should subject all manuscripts of a given
type to equivalent and unprejudiced reviews. Decisions about
acceptance for publication should occur in a reasonable time
frame, and (except for issues devoted to special topics)
manuscripts should, to the editor’s best ability, be published in
the chronological order of acceptance.
e) Editors should provide to the authors a written
rationale for editorial decisions regarding a manuscript submitted
for publication. This is especially important if the manuscript is
f) Unpublished manuscripts must be treated as
confidential documents by all individuals involved in the
g) Editors should correct errors in a manuscript if the
errors are detected or reported before publication, or publish
corrections if they are detected afterward.
h) Editors should handle cases of alleged misconduct at
the lowest possible organizational level, and should usually
involve the institutions at which the research in question was
i) Papers submitted by an editor or associate editor
should be handled by another member of the editorial board.